Information about Mineral Clauses in Contract Forms

Mineral clauses are an essential aspect of any contract that concerns the sale or purchase of real estate. These clauses function to define and clarify the ownership of minerals that are found on the property subject to the contract. In this article, we will explore some important information about mineral clauses in contract forms.

What are mineral clauses, and why are they important?

Mineral clauses are legal provisions that determine the ownership and rights of a mineral deposit that may be found on a particular property. These provisions can be included in a deed, lease agreement, or other types of contracts related to the sale or purchase of real estate.

In most cases, mineral clauses are included to protect the interests of both the buyer and the seller. They prevent any disputes or conflicts that may arise when the buyer of the property discovers mineral deposits after the sale or purchase has been completed.

What should be included in a mineral clause?

A mineral clause typically includes some essential information such as a description of the minerals that are included in the sale or lease agreement, a description of the rights and responsibilities of each party, and any restrictions or limitations concerning the use of the property.

It is crucial to include a definition of “minerals” in the clause. This definition is typically broader than what is commonly understood as minerals by laymen. In the context of mineral clauses, minerals can include oil, gas, coal, precious metals, and other resources that are extracted from the earth.

Additionally, it is important to include detailed information about the royalties or payments to be made to the seller by the buyer when minerals are extracted from the property. Mineral clauses often include provisions for payment of a percentage of any profits from the sale of the minerals.

What are some common issues that arise with mineral clauses?

One of the most common issues that arise with mineral clauses is the definition of “minerals.” As mentioned earlier, the definition of minerals is usually broader in mineral clauses than what laymen consider minerals. This means that certain minerals may not be included or may be excluded from the mineral clause.

Another issue is the ambiguity of the language used in the mineral clause. If the language is too vague or unclear, it can lead to disputes or litigation between the parties involved. Therefore, it is crucial to ensure that the language used in the mineral clause is specific, precise, and unambiguous.


In conclusion, mineral clauses are critical components of any contract related to the sale or purchase of real estate. They ensure that the buyer and seller are protected, and any disputes concerning mineral ownership are avoided. It is essential to include a definition of minerals, a description of the rights and responsibilities of each party, and detailed information about royalties or payments in the mineral clause. By doing this, you can ensure that the mineral clause is well defined, specific, and unambiguous, making the contract easier to implement and preventing disputes or litigation.