Double Taxation Agreement Vietnam Us

Double Taxation Agreement Vietnam-US: What It Means for Businesses and Individuals

The Vietnam-US double taxation agreement (DTA) was signed in 2006 and came into effect in 2009. This agreement aims to prevent businesses and individuals who operate in both countries from being subjected to double taxation on the same income. In this article, we will discuss the key provisions of the DTA and how it impacts businesses and individuals.

What is Double Taxation?

Double taxation occurs when two or more countries tax the same income of a taxpayer. This can happen when a taxpayer earns income in one country and is taxed by that country. However, if the taxpayer is also a tax resident of another country, that country may also tax the same income. This results in double taxation, which can be a significant burden on businesses and individuals.

Key Provisions of the Vietnam-US DTA

The Vietnam-US DTA consists of 25 articles that cover various aspects of taxation, including income tax, capital gains tax, and withholding tax. The most significant provisions of the DTA are as follows:

1. Residence-based taxation

The DTA ensures that individuals and businesses are only taxed in the country where they are tax residents. A resident is defined as an individual who is subject to tax in a country by reason of their domicile, residence, place of management, or any other criterion of a similar nature. This provision ensures that a taxpayer is not taxed twice on the same income in both countries.

2. Reduced withholding tax rates

The DTA provides for reduced withholding tax rates for certain types of incomes such as dividends, interest, and royalties. This means that businesses and individuals who receive income from the other country are subject to a lower rate of withholding tax, reducing the overall tax burden.

3. Capital gains tax exemption

The DTA provides for an exemption from capital gains tax on the sale of shares in a company. This means that businesses or individuals who sell shares in a company located in one country to another country are not subject to capital gains tax in either country.

Impact of the Vietnam-US DTA on Businesses and Individuals

The Vietnam-US DTA has a significant impact on businesses and individuals who operate in both countries. Here are a few examples of how the DTA impacts them:

1. Businesses

For businesses that operate in both Vietnam and the US, the DTA provides much-needed relief from double taxation. The reduced withholding tax rates and capital gains tax exemption make it easier for them to invest in both countries, expand their operations, and improve their bottom line.

2. Individuals

For individuals who work in one country and are resident in another, the DTA ensures that they are not taxed twice on the same income. This makes it easier for them to work and travel between both countries without worrying about the tax implications.


The Vietnam-US DTA is a critical agreement that helps businesses and individuals to avoid double taxation. It provides much-needed relief for taxpayers who operate in both countries and ensures that they are only subject to tax in the country where they are resident. With the reduced withholding tax rates and capital gains tax exemption, the DTA makes it easier for businesses and individuals to invest, work, and travel between Vietnam and the US.